Here’s another new mushroom for me! Just take a look at some of the photos below… Skullcaps are in the Mint…, Leucanthemum vulgare or Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Hereâs a flower that everyone knows: the daisy! The leaves are opposite and quite varied…, Trauvetteria carolinensis In late spring and early summer, look for Tassel Rue growing along the banks of mountain streams. Â The undulating tips of the dainty white petals? All parts of this native woodland … Â Where did the summer go? Several blooms are born on a spike (raceme). White Minnesota Wildflowers. Generally, Jimsonweed flowers open at night and last only one day. The 2-6-inch leaves are alternate and oval with wavy margins. 2941 - 2. They grow on wood and have a medium to large, dry cap,…, Amanita muscaria var. I was in search of another orchid (purple fringed orchid) that I had seen in that area in June a few years back,…, Platanthera grandiflora Ooo-la-la!! The forest floor is totally covered in leaf litter by now, making it hard to find fall mushrooms, even if they are out there. The hanging, white flowers…, Lobelia spicata This small-flowered lobelia has striking white to pale blue flowers that are borne on an unbranched stem (12-36 inches). These wildflowers are in the color range of white, creamy white, or greenish white. Addison’s Leatherflower is a perennial vine that starts out as an erect…, Wood Geranium, Cranesbill, or Wild Geranium Geranium maculataÂ What a spring it is for wild geranium! They tend to occur on the lower part of the stem, and some may form a loose basal rosette–…, Chimaphila maculata Such a dainty, intriguing flower! The central disk is yellow to reddish in color. Â Something else remarkable about this pretty little plant is the broad, flat face of the flower (1-inch wide), which is somewhat reminiscent of a cultivated pansy. Â Today I found drifts of them growing along the roadside next to Big Stoney Creek in Giles County. BACK Narrow-Leaved Plantain Bloom: April–August Description: 6–24". Its large white flowers bloom for 2-4 weeks in spring, and in the fall the foliage turns a deep red. This plant can grow up to 3 feet tall and has beautiful white blossoms. Â We’ve had several days of rain earlier this week and now a deluge is predicted for…, ChrysopsisÂ mariana Blooming in late summer, this showy, golden yellow aster grows in barren areas. As…, Phallus ravenelii I know this is kind of gross, but I believe in equal opportunity. Flower width: For round and flattish flowers, the … It is off-white with a top covered in…, Calvatia gigantea Well, it’s officially October! Operation Wildflower has brought beauty and diversity to West Virginia highways for many years. More images can be seen by following these links Spring in WV , Spring Wildflowers ~2005 , and SP-560 Seasonal Journal Shaggy Manes are a kind of mushroom commonly referred to as “inky caps”. Each flower headÂ has 30Â or moreÂ ray flowers…, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae You’ll recognize this prolific fall bloomer: New England Aster can be found growing locally in both home gardens and open meadows. Â It was just growing in a roadside ditch that hadn’t been mowed yet. Join Us! Traditionally, Â the shape of a plant was often used to discern its medicinal uses, and so the shape of this flower, with its open mouth exposing the throat, led to it being used as a…, Lysimachia ciliata Yellow loosetrifes have 5 yellow petals;Â this speciesÂ differs from the others in a couple of ways. « prev A spellbinding variety of West Virginia's wildflowers largely owes to deciduous trees prevailing over the state's national parks and forests. This region, which includes the Appalachian and Blue Ridge Mountains, is rich in biodiversity. The flowers of this herb are small and inconspicuous, but the profusion of delicateÂ blue-green leaves (for which the plant is named) make up for the lack of showy flowers. Frankly, I find this very distracting! Virginia Department of Transportation Many species of plants are used in Virginia's Wildflower Program. Armillaria tabescens is ringless; the…, Lactarius volemus The genus name of this mushroom refers to the “milky” latex that quickly flows when the flesh of the mushroom is cut or broken. Dozens of individual bloomsÂ are borne on stoutÂ umbels at the top of a 2-5 ft. tall plant. The alternate leaves are ovate to spatulate, narrower at the base than at the tip. Â The leaves are opposite and entire. The top of the cap is burnt orange and smooth when young; the rim is…, Agalinis tenuifolia (Gerardia tenuifolia) Slender Gerardia is a native annual that grows to about 2 feet in height. The petals are lilac-purple to blue-white, and sometimes the…, Fringed Polygala or Gaywings Polygala paucifolia At first glance, the color and texture of this flower call to mind an orchid.Â The complicated structure, complete with wing-like sepals, resembles a flying bird or airplane.Â Two petals are joined together to make a tube; a third, lower petal is fringed. The flowers wave gently in the breeze, earning this plant the…, Doll’s Eyes or Baneberry Actaea pachypoda The compound leaves of baneberry are toothed and pinnate, similar in some ways to black cohosh in appearance. Flowers white to greenish or purple tinted. ), and the large … It was wonderful to find these gorgeous red mushrooms mixed in among the falling leaves of Chestnut Oak and Sourwood trees. The “leaves” of the plant…, Diphasiastrum digitatum orÂ Lycopodium digitatum Clubmosses (Lycopdodiaceae) are ancient evergreen perennials that can be spotted easily in the winter woods when all the other forest floor plants are âsleepingâ. Look what I found! 4724. Gardening with Native Plants. West Virginia Wildflower Pilgrimage. Indian pipes are found in rich, moist woods where there is a lot of leaf litter. The flowers give way to small berries later in the summer. Spring is advancing quickly now that the temperatures have warmed up, and the number of species currently in bloom is astounding. On first glance, I thought it was âjust Phloxâ, which started to bloom in the woods near Blacksburg recently. Tended by invisible hands, miniature gardens are bursting from the forest floor with color and promise. Lacking leaves, it is a non-photosynthetic plant; it gets its nutrients from mycorrhizal fungi. I spotted this plant today (July 13) on a Forest Service road near Poverty Creek/Pandapas Pond Recreation Area. Below are some photos of the bounty of mushrooms they collected. Â That’s early!Â Trout Lilies were open in all their yellow splendor by March 20th! Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium The flowers of Sweet Everlasting are a bit odd because they are dry to the touch, even when new. This perennial evergreen herb is another forest floor inhabitant that could easily go unnoticed due to its size. White Fringed Phacelia- Phacelia fimbriata White fringed phacelia is often found massing over large areas that look like patches snow. When fully dry, the hard seeds inside these boxes will rattle when shaken, giving rise to another common name, Rattlebox. The coppery-green leaves? It just goes to show you, if you never get around to spreading your mulch, it will eventually become a garden of its own! Each flower is less than 1 inch across. Â First, the edges of the flower petals are gently wavy or toothed. Â That’s because the tiny flowers are wrapped in layers of dry, white bracts. 1343 5. But flowers were pinkish purple, not white. There is one flower per…, Trillium undulatum Oh, where do I start with this uncommon wildflower? Wild geranium…, Iris cristata The heavy spring rains will keep most of us huddled inside for now, but outside the plant world is singing–yes, singing in the rain. The display begins in early Spring (late March) as the hepatica (Anemone amencana), and bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) push their way through the forest leaf litter.As the days continue to warm, purple and yellow violets flower (Viola spp. Snakeroot's white flowers are born at the top of the plant in loose clusters that might remind you of boneset or a white ageratum. Friends who have a cabin on East Lake, near Big Fork also have the purple virgin's bower. If you listen, you can hear it. In order to obtain carbon, it forms a parasitic relationship with mycorrhizal fungi that grow on tree roots. Our favorite place to see Virginia bluebells is on an easy hike at Riverbend Park in Great Falls, Virginia. Mountain Wildflowers of VA and WV. Finally! Sunrise Carriage Trail. Happy New Year! The dainty flowers are two shades of purple and they are held high above the simple and attractive foliage. I’ve been out wandering these last few weeks, keeping a close watch on the ground for the “first signs…, It was a deliciously early spring here in southwest Virginia. In the early…, Canadian Lousewort or Wood Betony Pedicularis Canadensis Wood Betony is a native wildflower that often grows in large colonies. Â The warts on the cap will…, NowÂ here’s a great name for a flower if I ever did hear one. Â Also, the flowers of this plant always face downward (nodding), such that you have to turn them over…, PlatantheraÂ orbiculata I was pleasantly surprised to spot a tall spike of white flowers in the forest above Mountain Lake Lodge yesterday. While searching for something else, I practically stumbled on this little pink firebomb up in the woods at Mountain Lake. The Sunrise Carriage Trail is a hidden gem within Charleston city limits, … Right now, there areÂ autumn-blooming asters everywhere that bear alternate, lanceolate leaves that lack petioles and clasp the stem. A growing number of regional native plant guides are available that highlight the beautiful variety of Virginia’s native plants! ThisÂ dainty member of the evening primrose family hasÂ 4-petalled,…, Solanum carolinense Horse nettle is aÂ perennial native that is a member of the potatoÂ family of plants. Here are three varieties native to Virginia to watch for on your next excursion. It was a…, Welcome back! When they are…, Hericium erinaceus Just in time for Halloween: Fungi with TEETH! Not to be outdone by Mountain Laurel, which also blooms in late spring, Flame Azalea is a shrub that practically sets the woods on fire with with its blaze of orange flowers. Wildflower, Kinder Farm Park, Millersville, Maryland, October 2018. The morphology of the flower is interestingÂ at each stage of development–from new buds to maturity. Whenever I find things in the woods that Iâve never seen before,…, Datura stamonium Jimsonweed is also called purple thorn apple. It is hard to miss this plant because the flower stalks are tall and straight and they are topped with sunnyÂ yellow flowers…, Galax urceolata Wandflower, Galax,Â or Beetleweed The white spikes of galax rise up like magic wands in late May and June in the woodland forests of Appalachia. Prince’s Pine (sometimes called Ground Pine,Â Princess’s Pine, or Flat-branched tree clubmoss) is anÂ evergreen beauty. Â It grows on recently downed or wounded hardwood trees, which is exactly where I foundÂ these! Wildflowers and garden varieties, in both naturalized and formal settings, enhance the natural beauty of Virginia and return some of what might have been lost through development. The plant prefers dry, rocky, limestone hillsides, banks and ravines. Learn about a Wildflower Meadow. Look for white wood asters growing in dry open woods; bloom time is July through October. The remarkable thing about witch-hazel is its oddÂ bloom time:Â September-October-November!Â The…, Lycoperdon pyriforme On aÂ hike to the War Spur trail in late September, and then again at Pandapas Pond in late October, I found these mushrooms growing in abundance, on decaying logs. The robust mushrooms seen above are commonly called Yellow Gym or Yellow Gymnopilus. Blooms can last for up to a month, making daisies a ubiquitous part of…, Penstemon digitalis Foxglove Beardtongue,Â Foxglove Penstemon,Â or Beardtongue These showy, native Â wildflowers appear from April to June in sunny or partially sunny locations.Â They grow from 3 to 5 ft. tall in brilliant masses; this group was photographed along the side of the road at Primland in Meadows of Dan. Mountain Wood Sorrel, Northern Wood Sorrel. Fairfax County, Virginia - These early spring ephemeral wildflowers only bloom for a short time every spring. The plants are tall and can grow 3-4 ft. in height. West Virginia Spring Wildflowers. Â This low-growing, creeping perennial has shiny green leaves arranged in a rosette. The flowers give way to small berries later in the summer. The petals turn purple with age. 3353. It is a beautiful… A hardy native plant, bluebells bloom in early spring, growing 1.5 to 2 feet tall and bearing abundant blue, bell-shaped flowers. They’re also called galanthus. One look at the purple stems and prickly fruit of this plant will tell you why. Each individual flower has five white petals that resemble a cup-shaped wildflower. What began as a class project blossomed into a feature-lenth video titled Spring Wildflowers of the Mid-Atlantic Region, which received a 1998 Telly Award for excellence in non-network productions. Turtlehead enjoys life…, Hygrocybe conica Conical Waxy Cap is also called witch’s hat, and for good reason. They…, Lepiota cepaestipes or Leucocoprinus cepaestipes Look here! *=Multiple images on detail page: Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. Plant a bunch of them for the best effect, and get these bulbs in the ground in fall for winter blooms. Then I took a couple steps closer and nearly…, Impatiens capensis Jewelweed or touch-me-not is a tall annual that grows in moist areas, usually along the banks of streams, rivers and ponds.Â The leaves are somewhat toothed and blue-green in color. Â The leaves are opposite, ovate to lanceolate, and have lightly toothed margins. Â The mushroom cap varies in color from yellow-orange to scarlet red. The gills also vary from white to orange to red. Young dogbane plants look very much like milkweed in terms of leaf…, Aureolaria virginica Downy Yellow False Foxglove is a perennial found in dry, oak forests. The small flowers of tassel rue grow in a panicle at the top…, The New River Valley Mushroom Club met at Pandapas Pond in late August for a 4-hour mushroom foray. Â A prominent yellow center contains a group…, Coprinus comatus Today I spotted the largest Shaggy Mane MushroomÂ IÂ haveÂ ever seen–nearly a foot tall!–so of course IÂ have to post about it! The following photos were taken today, May 1st, at Falls Ridge Nature Preserve in the Ellett Valley. The gallery below shows two Coker’s Amanita mushrooms before they erupted from the bulb, and then again a few days later. Tiny white 4-petaled flowers projecting on hairlike stalks from a spike ¾–3" long. Raindrops tend to bead up on the leaves, giving it a âbejeweledâ appearance in sunshine. When fully ripe, each berry is white with a black dot, resembling the ‘eyeball of a doll’. Â In flower it is…, Ghost Flower, Corpse Plant, or Indian Pipe Monotropa uniflora This wildflower lacks chlorophyll and is non-photosynthetic. West Virginia ~ Spring Wildflower Identification ~ Wildflower galleries by species, Spring 2004 and a few from 2003. The flowers, borne on long pedicels, are light to dark pink with purple spots inside. The plants like moist, shady sites and go dormant by summer, making room for other species. Wild Flowers, by Homer House, published 1934 and 1961, calls it "one of our rarest wild flowers". These leaves are elliptic and slightly toothed. I found four or five of these mushrooms, growing under a group of hemlock trees, and a whole bunch more on my neighbor’s property, coming up under pines. US Wildflower's Database of Wildflowers for Virginia Click on thumbnail for larger version of image, scientific name for detail page. This diminutive species is common in urban areas because it likes to grow in wood…, Aster… I have a limit as to how long I’ll try to key out difficult flowers, and I’ve hit mine with the fall asters! Butâunder the protection of hemlock trees in my…, Hygrocybe punicea A late October surprise: A profusion of Crimson Waxy Caps growing along the Skullcap Trail in the Jefferson National Forest! Â Sweet Everlasting! Virginia Wildflowers is a natural history photo gallery and casual field guide to the wildflowers of Virginia. I recently spotted it at two of my favorite hiking places along the Blue Ridge Parkway: Rock Castle Creek Gorge and Crabtree Falls. Color is subjective, however, so if you don't see what you're looking for here you might try another color or the advanced plant search.If you still can't find it post it on our Facebook page. Most of the remaining populations occur here in Montgomery County (Southwest VA). Grows in zones 5-9. You’ll find it flowering in August and September, but your timing will have to be right. These small flowers with five pink or white petals are an important source of nectar for pollinators in the spring. The pink, red or white flowers are borne on a spike at the top of the plant. The white flowers appear mid-spring in a dense cluster at the top of a stem. The 48 minute video was later converted to DVD with sale proceeds supporting the Foundation of the Flora of Virginia Project . Virginia bluebells (Mertensia virginica, USDA zones 3 through 8) will thrive in all of Virginia's climate zones. Blue cohosh is a tall perennialâgrowing 2 to 3…, Melanthium virginicum or Veratrum virginicum For a few years now, Iâve been seeing this large, grass-like plant growing in odd clumps up on Salt Pond Mountain, but I didnât really know what it was. Sweet!Â The leaves (see photo below) are opposite,…, Prunella vulgaris As the name would suggest, heal-all has been used to treat all kinds of maladies in the past. The number of white ray flowers per head is only 5 to 10. Â Not far behind were the pink flowers ofÂ Allegheny Spurge –aÂ gorgeous…, Huperzia lucidula It is the first of January! Â That’s because they grow quickly and then “melt” into a pool of black ooze that looks like INK. The substantial leaves of… This region, which includes the Appalachian and Blue Ridge Mountains, is rich in biodiversity. At our house, we welcomed the new year with a walk in the woods with our new puppy, Grace. Â (The veil is evident on one of the mushrooms.) Size. This pure white mushroom is quite the rock star in the fungus world, being both an edible andÂ medicinal fungus. Here’s my advice: Run–Do Not Walk– to your favorite wildflower location in Virginia! Northeastern US Wildflower ID Tool . These photographs were taken at Mountain Lake Lodge in Pembroke, Virginia, in early-May. Â At my house, where I have a small woodland surrounding my home, I had Hepatica and Bloodroot flowers blooming on March 17th! *=Multiple images on detail page Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. The tall spikes can grow 1 to 2 feet high over a basal rosette of shiny green leaves. Sometimes you can catch…, Asclepias incarnata Pretty enough for any garden, the deep pink blossomsÂ of this summer milkweed beg you to stop and smell the flowers! Dogbane is a milkweed relativeâthey are in the same Familyâ but in different genera (Apocynum vs Asclepias). It is a beautiful…, Here we are at the end of Octoberâ¦ Yellow maple leaves are falling steadily around me, with a little help from light rain. The leaves are alternate, simple, entire to ever-so-lightly toothed, hairy, with a strong mid-rib. The entire plant consists of a stem that is purplish to green, yellow or brown. Â But something tells me that’s about to change! Scroll down for more great spring wildflower hikes in Northern Virginia. Even from the road I could tell it was something unusual. A widespread species with aÂ cosmopolitan distribution, it is a medium-sized puffball with a roundÂ fruit bodyÂ tapering to a wide stalk. Â Note the pointed tip on this colorful “waxcap” mushroom that makes it look like a little witches’ hat. ReachingÂ justÂ 3 feet in height, NoddingÂ Bur MarigoldÂ has much smaller flowers than your average sunflower–itsÂ flower heads are onlyÂ about 1Â to 2Â inches across! Examine the photo…, Bidens cernua In late summer and early fall, you might come across thisÂ showyÂ little sunflower growing in wet places. There are two honey mushroom species pictured in this galleryâboth are parasitic on hardwood trees.Â Armillaria mellea has a distinct ring, or annulus on the stipe and a partial veil when new; the gills are attached; the color is typically honey yellow. As the name implies, the stems and leaves of this native are covered in downy hair. As the name implies, Dwarf Crested…, Viola pedata This violet gets its name from the cut-out shape of the leaf: it looks like a bird’s foot! Long linear leaves in whorls of 3–6, usually hairless & folded upward. I’ve been stalking it for a month now, waiting for it to come into bloom. Â Thanks to branching, it is a tad bushier than Ground Cedar, soÂ each individual plant ends up looking likeÂ aÂ tiny hemlock or pine tree. formosa It is October, and along with yellow leaves and orange pumpkins, there are large, yellowish-orange mushrooms coming up in my yard in Blacksburg! The photos above show the leaves arranged on the flowering stem in an alternate pattern, without petioles and gently clasping. Ageratina altissima (Eupatorium rugosum) White Snakeroot is a poisonous plant that is native to North America. Virginia Wildflowers is a natural history photo gallery and casual field guide to the wildflowers of Virginia. Most of the blossoms are blue, but you’ll see pink, white, and mixed colors if you look closely. The group of 25 “hunters” scoured the forest and then met up again at the picnic tables to sort and identify their finds. Gobs of showy, purplish flowers cover the top of this tall native plant and provide an important source of nectar for insects–especially migrating butterflies– at this time of year. US Wildflower's Database of White Wildflowers for Virginia Click on thumbnail for larger version of image, scientific name for detail page. Â You can observe that in the photo above. Tuberose. *=Multiple images on detail page: Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. It grows 3-8 inches in height, and…, Chelone Fishmouth, snakemouth, turtlehead… Â The common names of this flower come from the 2-lipped shape, which calls to mind an animal’s gaping mouth. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. West Virginia Native Plant Society The two-lipped, tubular flowers are borne on…, Hieracium caespitosum (H. pratense) I’ve been spotting a new wildflower around town this week, and I even saw it a couple of days ago on top of Salt Pond Mountain, near Mountain Lake. You may recognize the flower and leaves as bearing some similarities to common garden vegetables like potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplant. Wild azaleas don’t grow like the familiar, compact…, Adam and Eve Orchid or Putty-root Orchid Aplectrum hyemale Putty-root orchid is found throughout Virginia in moist forests, but it is often obscured by other herbaceous growth in the spring and summer, and by leafÂ litter in the fall and winter. Â Although these were open-grown, I also found plenty growing in the woods around Glen Alton and White Rocks campground. Plant in full sun or partial shade. Look closely to see the five,Â up-turned petals on each flower. The plants can grow up to about two feet tall. Height: Full height of the mature plant, in feet. US Wildflower's Database of Wildflowers for North Carolina Click on thumbnail for larger version of image, scientific name for detail page. I can send an image of the flowers if you like. Â Most of the photos you will find on this website were taken by me, near my home in southwestern Virginia. Â Weeks have gone by with little rain and fall mushrooms in our area of Virginia have been somewhat scarce lately. First…, Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria Look for this biennial plant, June through September, in pastures, meadows, and along roadsides.Â It can grow up to 5 feet tall! In early May, you’ll notice the flower stalks emergining from the ground. The trumpet-like or funnel-shaped flowers are yellowish-orange with…, Pyrola americana Also flowering in June is another member of the Wintergreen Family: Round-leaved Pyrola. Most of the photos you will find on this website were taken by me, near my home in southwestern Virginia. Youâd be right. Get Involved!! Mapleleaf Alumroot, Hairy Alum Root, Rough Heuchera, Sharp-lobed Hepatica, Liverleaf, Liverwort, Common Arrowhead, Arrowleaf, Burhead, Wapato, Duck-potato, Broadleaf Arrowhead, Hairy White Oldfield Aster, Frost Aster, White Heath Aster, Downy Aster, Whorled Wood Aster, Whorled Aster, Mountain Aster, Sharp-leaved Aster, Foxglove Beardtongue, Tall White Beardtongue, Mississippi Penstemon, Smooth White Beardtongue, Talus slope Beardtongue, Beechdrops, Cancer Drops, Clapwort, Virginia Broomrape, Bluebell Bellflower, Bluebell, Harebell, Bluebell-of-Scotland, Blue Rain Flower, Heathbells, Witches Thimbles, Forkleaf Toothwort, Thread Leafed Toothwort, Fineleaf Toothwort, Hairy Bittercress, Hoary Bittercress, Lamb's Cress, Spring Cress, Flickweed, Sawtooth Blackberry, Southern Blackberry, Highbush Blackberry, Dense Blazing Star, Marsh Gayfeather, Spike Gayfeather, Squirrel Corn, Wild turkey-pea, Turkey Corn, Colicweed, Ghost Corn, Lyre Flower, Blue Eyed Mary, Spring Blue-eyed Mary, Eastern Blue Eyed Mary, Innocence, Lady-by-the-Lake, White Clintonia, Clinton's Lily, Speckled Woodlily, Elliott's Blueberry, Mayberry, High Bush Blueberry, Venus' Pride, Large Bluet, Large Houstonia, Summer Bluet, Purple Bluet, One-flowered Broomrape ; One-flowered Cancer Root, Ghostpipe, Naked Broomrape, Black Cohosh, Black Bugbane, Black Baneberry, Black Snakeroot, Fairy Candle, Tassel Rue, False Bugbane, Carolina Bugbane, Prairie Mimosa, Illinois Bundleflower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Buttonbush, Common Buttonbush, Button Ball, Riverbush, Honey-bells, Button Willow, Virginia Buttonweed, Large Buttonweed, Poor Joe, White Campion, White Cockle, Evening Lychnis, New Jersey Tea, Wild Snowball, Mountain Sweet, Redroot, Virginia Cottongrass, Tawny Cottongrass, Rusty Cotton Grass, American Cow Parsnip, Masterwort, American Hogweed, Common Cowparsnip, Cow Wheat, Narrowleaf Cow-Wheat, Appalachian Cow-Wheat, Stiff Cowbane, Pig-potato, Common Water-Dropwort, White Crownbeard, Frostweed, Iceplant, Virginia crownbeard, Highland Dog Hobble, Drooping Leucothoe, Fetterbush, Doghobble, Stiff Dogwood, Southern Swamp Dogwood, Gray Dogwood, Red-osier Dogwood, Western Dogwood, American Dogwood, Bunchberry, Bunchberry Dogwood, Dwarf Dogwood, Canadian Bunchberry, Dwarf Cornel, Creeping Dogwood, Common Elderberry, American Elderberry, American Black Elderberry, Red Elderberry, Red Elder, Rocky Mountain Elder, Scarlet Elderberry, Carolina Elephant's foot, Leafy Elephantfoot, Nodding Mandarin, Spotted Mandarin, Spotted Fairybells, Fairy Wand, Devil's Bit, False Unicorn Root, Blazing Star, Grubroot, Squirrel Tail, Rattlesnake-root, Japanese Knotweed, Crimson Beauty, Mexican bamboo, Japanese Fleece Flower, Reynoutria, Heartleaf Foamflower, False Miterwort, Coalwort, Coolwort, False Bitterroot, Fogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit, Northern Fogfruit, Small Green Wood Orchid, Club-Spur Orchid, Green Rein Orchid, Wood Orchid, Small Woodland Orchid, Snowy Orchid, Bog Torch, Frog Spear, White Frog Arrow, White Rein Orchid, Fringe-tree, White Fringetree, Old Man's Beard, Grancy graybeard, Beetleweed, Galax, Wandplant, Wandflower, Coltsfoot, Pale Gentian, Striped Gentian, Sampsons Snakeroot, American Germander, Wood Sage, Canada Germander. 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